Le 11 mai 2012,
dans le cadre du séminaire pluridiscilinaire du CRC,
Janice Kim, invitée de l’EHESS
(York University, Toronto, Canada)
donnera une conférence
« Flowers of Japanese-Korean Unity: the Wartime Women’s Volunteer Corps, 1937-1945 »
de 14h à 16h au Grand Salon,
Maison de l’Asie, 22 avenue du Président Wilson, Paris 16e.
This presentation on female labor in wartime Korea has several aims. First, I aspire to reveal the extent of Korean women’s contributions to mechanized production in the Japanese wartime empire. Second, by outlining some of the central policies and programs that brought together companies and workers under the rubric of “imperial mobilization,” I furnish examples of the scope of the war’s social effects. An evaluation of the roles of schools, villages, and local organizations in late colonial Korea details how official policies and programs were institutionally executed. Third, I elaborate on some of the ways in which female labor recruitment was performed under the auspices of student campaigns in the immediate years before and especially after Japan’s offensive against the Allies in the winter of 1941. Still facing a labor shortage in 1943, officials decided to recruit women for heavy industrial labor and aimed for the greater enlistment of women in the colonies. Describing how the Women’s Labor Volunteer Corps mobilized Korean women for all types of war-related enterprises is the fourth objective of this discussion. Finally, I focus on the oral histories of female volunteers employed in the machine and machine tools sectors, specifically the operatives of the Fujikoshi steel factory in Toyama, Japan, to offer alternative renderings of working women in wartime Korea. In so doing, I hope to relay some of the heterogeneous outcomes of World War II in East Asia. Although this examination aims to expose some of the lesser-known effects of Japan’s total war in Korea, it in no way attempts to undermine the suffering resulting from Japanese wartime atrocities.